Champagne is a sparkling wine produced by inducing secondary fermentation of the wine. It is produced exclusively within the Champagne region of France from, which it takes its name.
The primary grapes used in the production of Champagne are Chardonnay, Pinot noir and Pinot Meunier. Champagne has a protect name (Protected Designation of Origin), this means that the wine has to come from the designated region to be allowed to be called champagne.
Champagne first gained world renown through its popularity with the kings of Europe. They would spread the message of this wonderfully, luxurious and expensive wine throughout the aristocracy of Europe.
It gave Champagne the image of wealth and power which still exists today. This popularity today has been endorsed by rock stars, footballers and other celebrities drinking the super luxury brands of Louis Roederer Cristal, Dom Perignon, Armand de Brignac -Ace of Spades, Bollinger, and Laurent Perrier Rose.
Contrary to legend and popular belief, Dom Perignon did not invent sparkling wine.The oldest recorded sparkling wine is Blanquette de Limoux, which was apparentl invented by Benedictine Monks in the Abbey of Saint Hilaire near Carcassonne in 1531. Over a century later, the English scientist and physician Christopher Merret documented the addition of sugar to a finished wine to create a second fermentation six years before Dom Perignon set foot in the Abbey of Hautvillers and almost 40 years before it was claimed that the famed Benedictine monk invented Champagne. Merret presented the Royal Society with a paper in which he detailed what is now called méthode champenoise in 1662.